WRITING IN ANCIENT INDIA – LITERARY EVIDENCES IN ITIHĀSAS AND PURĀṆAS

We have already seen the literary evidences in Vedas and Vedāṅgas for the writing in ancient India. Now we can proceed to the Itihāsas and Purāṇas the religious scriptures of India. Rāmāyaṇa and Mahābhārata are the two important epics of India. The two epics have important evidences that can be quoted to claim the ancientness…

Continue reading

TIRUVAṆṆĀMALAI INSCRIPTION OF RĀJARĀJA VĀṆAKOVARAIYA

The following inscription is in the gopura called Kiḷigopuram in the Tiruvaṇṇāmalai temple. The inscription eulogies the fame of Rājarāja vāṇakovaraiyan who gilded temple with gold. Some great port called Kavirāja wrote the poem. The period of the inscription can be calculated from another inscription from the temple which informs that Rājarāja vāṇakovaraiya who gilded…

Continue reading

SANSKRITISATION OF THE NAME MOHAMMAD

We know that the people of Europe and Arab countries were referred with the word “Yavana” in the ancient Tamil and Sanskrit literature. Kālidāsa specially refers the Persians as “Pāraśikas” with mustaches.  In his work, Raguvaṃśa, while explaining the digvijaya of Raghu, he made the reference. पारशीकांस्ततो जेतुं प्रतस्थे स्थलवर्त्मना।(Raghuvaṃśa 4.59) pāraśīkāṁstato jetuṁ pratasthe sthalavartmanā| …

Continue reading

WAS TAMIL TAUGHT IN GHAṬIKĀ?

Ghaṭikā of Kāñcīpuram We know that Ghaṭikās were the educational institutions that were functional since the 3rd CE at Kāñcīpuram. The earliest epigraphic reference on these Ghaṭikās can be seen in Tāḷḷaguṇḍā pillar inscription from Shimoga district, Karnataka. The inscription belongs to Kakusthavarmā of Kadamba dynasty and it mentions about one of his ancestor, two…

Continue reading

TWO NEW SANSKRIT INSCRIPTIONS FROM KĀMĀKṢI AMMAN TEMPLE

இரண்டாம் வடமொழிக்கல்வெட்டு.

The presiding deity of Kāñcīpuram and one of the Śaktipīṭhas is situated at the centre of the city. The deity of the temple is Kāmākṣī and the temple is named as “Kāmakoṣṭha” (Kāmakoṭṭa in tamil). The shrine for Dharma Śāstā at this temple is known in connection with Karikāla legend. Aḍiyārkku nallār commentary written in…

Continue reading