NEW AND IMPORTANT INSCRIPTION FROM KĀÑCĪ KĀMĀKṢI AMMAN TEMPLE

I have already posted two unpublished Sanskrit inscription of Sundara Pāṇḍya and a fragmentary inscription of Parāntaka I from Kāñcī kāmāṣi amman temple. The following new inscription is found near the Vināyaka shrine of the Ṛṣi gopura. By seeing the lines I was excited. Because the term “Priya Nāccuyār” is found in this Pre-Vijayanagara inscription. This inscription belongs to Kulottuṅga III (1178-1218 CE) which is inferred thorough the phrase (Pāṇḍiyaṉin Muḍitthalai)yuṅkoṇḍaruḷina and the paleography. This inscription refers the gift of cows for some divine work.

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Line 1. யுங்கொண்டருளின கு

Line 2. கொண்ட சோழமண்டலத்து

Line 3. பெரிய னாச்சியார்க்கு இப்

Line 4. தினாயக…..னியக…

Line 5. க்கு தர்மமாக விட்ட பசு மு….

Line 6. இது ரக்ஷிப்போமாக…

Line 1. yuṅkŏṇṭaruḽiṉa ku

Line 2. kŏṇṭa coḻamaṇṭalattu

Line 3. pĕriya ṉācciyārkku ip

Line 4. tiṉāyaka…..ṉiyaka…

Line 5. kku tarmamāka viṭṭa pacu mu….

Line 6. itu rakṣippomāka…

The significance of the inscription lies on the term “Periya Nācciyār”. Scholars like K.R.Venkatraman and other in their works like “Devi Kāmākṣī in Kāñcī” claimed that this temple was converted during the rule of Vijayanagar since no epigraphic evidence before the period is available inside the campus. I have already posted two Sanskrit inscriptions of Sundara Pāṇḍya of 13th CE which refers the deity as “Kāmakoṣṭheśi”. Now this Coḹa inscription of 12th CE too refers the deity as “Periya Nācciyār” (great goddess). This can be taken as the proof for stating the mother goddess exists there even before 12th CE. Though there are so many fragmentary inscriptions of Coḹas starting from Rājarāja I (985-1014) are recorded none of the inscriptions has the direct reference to the deity. For the first time, the name “Periya Nāccciyār” is found in a Coḹa inscription. This is the reason for my joy.

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