DAŚĀVATĀRA INSCRIPTION FROM RAṄGANĀTHA SVĀMI TEMPLE, ŚRĪ RAṄGAM

The following inscription is inscribed on the west wall of the Pakal pattu Maṇḍapam and published in South Indian Inscriptions – Vol XXIV with the number No 488. The record is damaged. Describes the ten avatāras in verses and records gifts of lamps for Raṅganātha, Lakṣmī, Viṣvaksena, Garutmān etc. and gold for conducting festivals and…

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KHAṆḌA HARMYAS OF RĀJASIṂHA

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          Rājasiṃha pallava, embodiment of innovative ideas encouraged sculptors to introduce innovative structures in the shrines built during his period. Kailāsanātha temple at Kāñcīpuram and Tālagirīśvara temple at Paṉaimalai are the excellent examples of innovative structural wonders. Kaṇḍa harmyas are the components introduced in these temples which are not seen in any of the temple….

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DEVĀRA TRIO FROM SANSKRIT INSCRIPTION

          Appar, Sambandhar and Sundara Mūrti are called as Devāra Trio since they composed  the Tamil hymns “Devāram”. They are considered as the important amongst the 63 śiva bhaktas. The images of these three along with Māṇikya vācaka are installed and being worshipped in almost all the śiva temples of Tamilnadu. An interesting inscription from…

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WRITING IN ANCIENT INDIA – EVIDENCES FROM SANSKRIT DRAMAS

          The Dramas in Sanskrit are called as “śravya Kāvyas”. They too possess evidences on ancient writing. Bhāsa, the earliest dramatist known, is dated as 4th BCE. He gives so many references on writing. Avimāraka, the play written by him, mentions “Pustaka” – book.           विदूषकः भवति, इदमक्षरं नाम पुस्तके नास्ति।           The vidūṣaka answers…

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