According to the scriptures the Śiva Liṅgas are divided into the following categories.

          उद्भूतं दैविकं चैव मानुषं गाणवं तथा ।

एवं चतुर्विधं लिङ्गं स्वयम्भुरिति कीर्तितम्।। (मानसारः)

Udbhūta (or) Svayambhū, Daivika, Mānuṣa and Gāṇava are the four divisions. The definitions including that of ārṣa is also given there.

तत्स्थाप्य स्वयमुद्भूतं स्वयम्भूरिति कीर्तितः  १०२

देवैश्च स्थापितं लिङ्गं दैविकं लिङ्गमुच्यते

मानुषैः रचितं लिङ्गं मानुषं चेति कथ्यते  १०३

अन्येषु रचितं लिङ्गं चार्षञ्चैव कथ्यते

गणैश्च पूजितं लिङ्गं गणं चेति प्रकथ्यते  १०४

The self-born liṅga is called as Svayambhuva, and the liṅgas created by the Devas are called as Daivikas. Those which are chiselled by the mortals are Mānuṣas and by sages are ārṣas. The liṅgas that are worshipped by Gaṇas are called Gāṇavas. Kāmikāgama adds Bāṇaliṅga to the above categories and makes the division as six. The Bāṇaliṅga is said to be cultivated by lord śiva.

शिवेन संस्कृतं यत्तु बाणलिङ्गमिति स्मृतम्

Further Mānasāra explains the colours of the liṅgas.

उद्भूतं श्वेतवर्णं चेद् दैविकं रक्तवर्णकम्

मानुषं पीतवर्णाभं कृष्णवर्णं च गाणवम्  १०५

आर्षं युक्तसूत्रं स्यात् स्वस्तिकाकृतिरेव वा

Svyambhuva liṅga is white in colour and daivika liṅga is Red colour. Mānuṣa is in yellow colour and Gāṇava is black in colour. Ārṣa liṅga will have brahmasūtra on it and will be in svastika shape.

The shape is defined for Daivika as “दैविकं डिण्डिमाकारं” – Daivika will be like a small drum.

Keeping the other definitions, Now we can see the Liṅga that is depicted in the Cakradānamūrti panel of Airāvateśvara temple, Kāñcīpuram.

Vishnu Anugraha Murthi

   Vishnu Anugraha Murthi


The Aṣṭa bhuja viṣṇu is here worshipping a Liṅga to get the Cakra from him. The Liṅga has a Nāgara pīṭha and a Vesara or Vṛtta Liṅga is above the pīṭha. The Liṅga has a ūrdhva kṣepaṇa above the Pīṭha and Mālās and Vartulākāra cihnas decorate the above portion. The edge is like Aṇḍākāra (egg-shaped).

The whole shape looks like a ḍiṇḍima (small drum) and thus follows the definition of a Daivika liṅga.

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *