A PEEP INTO THE KARAṆAS OF TAÑJĀVŪR – PART 3

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Valitoruka           This is third in the order. Nāṭya śāstra describes the karaṇa as follows.           शुकतुण्डौ यदा हस्तौ व्यावृत्तपरिवर्त्तितौ।        ऊरू च वलितौ यस्मिन् वलितोरुकमुच्यते।।        The Karaṇa is called as “Valitoruka” where the śukatuṇḍa hastas are in Vyāvṛtta and Parivartita mode and thighs (ūrū) are in the valita position.           Abhinava gupta further…

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A PEEP INTO THE KARAṆAS OF TAÑJĀVŪR – PART II

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VARTITA           This Karaṇa is second in order. Bharata’s Nāṭyaśāstra defines this karaṇa as follows.           कुञ्चितौ मणिबन्धे तु व्यावृत्तौ परिवर्त्तितौ।        हस्तौ निपतितौ चोर्वोः वर्तितं करणं तु तत्।।        Hands that are bent at the wrist should be rotated in Vyāvṛtta mode and again in Parivartita mode. Then they should be placed on the…

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WRITING IN ANCIENT INDIA – EVIDENCES FROM ARTHA, KĀMA AND NĀṬYA ŚĀSTRAS

          The word Artha means the resource. The resources of life viz earth, wealth, cereals and cattle are called as Artha. The science by which these are earned is called  Arthaśāstra. According to tradition, Artha śāstras were written by my Father, Bṛhaspati, śukrācārya, Nārada and others. But the Artha śāstra written by Cāṇakya is fully…

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